Meet The Heartless Human Who Survived Without A Pulse

Consider the following philosophical dilemma, how much of your body would you have to replace with machines before you could no longer be considered human?

In March 10, 2011, two surgeons, Billy Cohn and Bud Frazier performed an open heart surgery on Craig Lewis, a 55-year-old suffering from a life threatening heart problem who had 12 to 24 hours to survive. However, this wasn’t your standard open-heart surgery, what they did transcended human biology and our understanding of what it means to be alive.

“I remember as a medical student massaging the heart of a young boy, I thought then if my hand could keep this young boy alive why can’t we make a pump that would keep him alive?” – Bud Frazier

They removed the entire heart and replaced it with two turbines used to propel the blood, the flow is continuous. The catch? There’s no heart-beat! By all and any medical definition, the patient was dead. This is something that we haven’t seen in 500 million years of evolution.

Check the video below and witness how the definition of “life” was forever changed.


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