The universe is full of things that are either too big or too small to see with the naked eye. It takes powerful imaging technology — huge telescopes or electron microscopes — to convert these objects into size we can actually comprehend. That’s why this image taken by David Nadlinger from the University of Oxford is so impressive. He took a picture of an atom using an ordinary camera, and the result is mindblowing.
What you’re seeing is a single positively charged strontium atom (also known as a strontium ion) suspended in electric fields radiating from the metal electrodes around it. To get a sense of just how small this image is, the distance between the two needle-like tips you see is about 2 millimeters — roughly the width of a spaghetti noodle.
When ions like this are illuminated by the right color of blue-violet laser, they absorb the light particles and emit them right back. Nadlinger realized that if he set up his camera with a long enough exposure, he might be able to capture this fleeting moment of light emission in a digital image. He placed his tripod so the lens peered through the window of the ultra-high vacuum chamber that houses the ion trap, which in turn suspends the atom, and took his shot.
“The idea of being able to see a single atom with the naked eye had struck me as a wonderfully direct and visceral bridge between the miniscule quantum world and our macroscopic reality,” he said in a press release. “A back-of-the-envelope calculation showed the numbers to be on my side, and when I set off to the lab with camera and tripods one quiet Sunday afternoon, I was rewarded with this particular picture of a small, pale blue dot.”
And the Winner Is …
On February 12, 2018, Nadlinger’s image won the overall prize in the fifth annual science photography competition held by the U.K’s Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The EPSRC is the main funding agency for engineering and physical science research in the U.K., and the competition included more than 100 entries from researchers receiving EPSRC funding. There are some breathtaking images among them.
“Every year we are stunned by the quality and creativity of the entries into our competition and this year has been no exception,” said Professor Tom Rodden, EPSRCs Deputy Chief Executive. “They show that our researchers want to tell the world about the beauty of science and engineering.” You can see all of the winners on the council’s website.